What is the Dried Mushroom's Nutritional Value?

Dried Mushroom's

Dried mushrooms are a pantry staple prized by chefs for their intense flavor and ability to add umami depth to dishes. But beyond their culinary appeal, dried mushrooms pack a surprising nutritional punch. By concentrating the nutrients found in fresh mushrooms during the drying process, dried mushrooms become a source of essential vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber.

Macronutrients: A Breakdown

Dried mushrooms are a low-calorie food, with a 10-gram serving typically containing around 40 calories. This makes them a great addition to weight-loss or calorie-conscious diets. Here's a closer look at the macronutrient profile:

  • Fat: Dried mushrooms are very low in fat, with a 10-gram serving containing around 1 gram. Most of this fat is unsaturated, making it a heart-healthy choice.
  • Protein: A 10-gram serving offers a surprising 3 grams of protein, making dried mushrooms a valuable source for vegetarians and vegans who may struggle to meet their daily protein needs.
  • Carbohydrates: Dried mushrooms are a good source of carbohydrates, with a 10-gram serving containing around 5 grams. It's important to note that most of these carbohydrates are complex carbohydrates, which provide sustained energy and keep you feeling fuller for longer. Additionally, dried mushrooms are virtually sugar-free, with no simple sugars present.
  • Dietary Fiber: Each 10-gram serving boasts around 1 gram of dietary fiber. Dietary fiber is essential for gut health, promoting regularity and aiding digestion.

Micronutrient Powerhouse

Dried mushrooms are a surprising source of essential vitamins and minerals. Here are some key highlights:

  • B vitamins: Dried mushrooms are a good source of B vitamins, including thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), and folate (B9). B vitamins play a crucial role in energy metabolism, brain function, and cell health.
  • Vitamin D: Unlike most plant-based foods, some varieties of dried mushrooms, like shiitake mushrooms, are a natural source of vitamin D. However, it's important to note that the vitamin D content in mushrooms can vary depending on the drying process and exposure to sunlight.
  • Minerals: Dried mushrooms are a good source of several essential minerals, including potassium, phosphorus, copper, and selenium. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, while phosphorus is crucial for bone health. Copper is involved in energy production and iron absorption, and selenium is a powerful antioxidant that protects cells from damage.

The Impact of Variety

The specific nutritional content of dried mushrooms can vary depending on the type of mushroom. Here's a brief comparison of some common varieties:

  • Shiitake mushrooms: Shiitake mushrooms are a good source of vitamin D, B vitamins, copper, and dietary fiber.
  • Cremini mushrooms: Cremini mushrooms (also known as baby portobello mushrooms) are a good source of selenium, potassium, and B vitamins.
  • Porcini mushrooms: Porcini mushrooms are a good source of dietary fiber, B vitamins, and potassium.
  • White button mushrooms: White button mushrooms are lower in nutrients compared to other varieties, but still offer a good source of potassium and B vitamins.

Unlocking the Flavor and Nutrients

To unlock the full flavor and nutritional benefits of dried mushrooms, rehydrate them properly. Here's how:

  1. Soak: Place the dried mushrooms in a bowl of warm water and soak for 20-30 minutes. Alternatively, you can use hot water and soak for 10 minutes.
  2. Strain: Strain the rehydrated mushrooms, reserving the soaking liquid. The soaking liquid is full of flavor and can be used in soups, stews, or sauces.
  3. Chop: Chop the rehydrated mushrooms and use them in your recipe.

Important Note: When consuming dried mushrooms, always ensure they are from a reputable source and properly identified. There are many wild mushrooms that are poisonous, so it's crucial to be certain of the variety before consuming.

Dried Mushrooms vs. Fresh Mushrooms: A Nutritional Showdown

While both dried and fresh mushrooms offer valuable nutrients, there are some key differences in their nutritional profiles. Here's a breakdown to help you decide which option might be a better fit for your needs:

Moisture Content: The most significant difference lies in moisture content. Fresh mushrooms are around 90% water, while dried mushrooms have most of their moisture removed. This concentration process makes dried mushrooms a more calorie-dense source of nutrients per gram compared to fresh mushrooms.

Nutrient Concentration: Due to the drying process, dried mushrooms have a more concentrated level of most vitamins and minerals. For example, a 10-gram serving of dried shiitake mushrooms may offer several times the amount of vitamin D or B vitamins compared to the same amount of fresh shiitake mushrooms.

Vitamin D: As mentioned earlier, some varieties of dried mushrooms, like shiitake, are a natural source of vitamin D, which is uncommon in plant-based foods. However, the vitamin D content in fresh mushrooms is minimal.

Dietary Fiber: Both fresh and dried mushrooms offer dietary fiber, but the concentration can vary slightly. Dried mushrooms might have a slight edge due to the removal of water content.

Flavor and Shelf Life: Dried mushrooms boast a more intense and concentrated flavor compared to fresh mushrooms. This makes them a great way to add a depth of umami to dishes. Additionally, dried mushrooms have a much longer shelf life compared to fresh mushrooms, which can spoil quickly.

Cooking Considerations: Fresh mushrooms require minimal preparation, while dried mushrooms need to be rehydrated before use. However, the soaking liquid from dried mushrooms can be a valuable addition to soups, stews, or sauces, adding extra flavor and nutrients.

Overall: Both dried and fresh mushrooms offer valuable nutrients. Dried mushrooms shine with their concentrated vitamins, minerals, and intense flavor, while fresh mushrooms provide a readily available source of fiber and a lighter taste. Ultimately, the best choice depends on your recipe, dietary needs, and desired flavor profile.


In conclusion, dried mushrooms are a versatile and nutritious ingredient that can add depth of flavor and a surprising amount of essential vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber to your diet. From boosting your energy levels to supporting your immune system, dried mushrooms offer a powerful nutritional punch in a concentrated package. So next time you're looking to add a unique flavor and a healthy boost to your dishes, consider reaching for a bag of dried mushrooms.